Portugal,officially the Portuguese Republic,is a unitary semi-presidential republic. It is located in South-Western Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula, and it is the western most country of mainland Europe, being bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east.
Portugal is an amazing study abroad destination with a host of universities offering top-notch degree programs
But that is not all! Portugal is the country of the world third most-spoken European language and the linguistic gateway to Africa and Brazil.Plus,our universities have a wide selection of student housing available at very affordable prices.
Portugal is situated in the south-western extremity of Europe, occupying the western littoral of the Iberian Peninsula. The territory also includes the Azores, Madeira and Porto Santo Islands. It is bound to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east and north by Spain. The capital of the country is Lisbon. The population of the country is 10.4 million the official language is Portuguese, which is spoken by the entire population.
Offering a mild Mediterranean climate, beautiful coastline and cities packed with historic interest and cultural experiences, Portugal – the westernmost country in mainland Europe – is surely among the continent’s most attractive destinations. Aside from the many historic sites and areas of natural beauty, the country is also known for its contemporary culture and nightlife. If you’re a fan of rock and world music, in the main cities along the coast you’ll find a remarkable number of festivals and events to suit your tastes. But if this isn’t your thing, fear not, because the diverse student communities in Portugal’s major cities will ensure there’s always something to get involved in. So, whether you’re a food lover, hiker, music fanatic, sight-seer or history buff, choosing to study in Portugal is a great option.
Higher education in Portugal is divided into two subsystems: university education and non-university higher education (polytechnic education), and it is provided in autonomous public universities, private universities, polytechnic institutions and private higher educational institutions of other types. The two systems of higher education are linked and it is possible to transfer from one to the other. It is also possible to transfer from a public institution to a private one and vice-versa. University institutions may award “Licenciado”, “Mestre” and “Doutor” degrees while Polytechnic institutions award 1st cycle – “Licenciado” and 2nd cycle – “Mestre” degrees.
A doctorate Education is an academic degree or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the specific field of his or her degree, or to work in a specific profession.In some countries, the highest degree in a given field is called a terminal degree. The term doctorate comes from the Latin docere,meaning to teach.
Doctorate Studies also called as 3rd cycle Studies
3RD Cycle Studies are also called as Doctoral degree programmes.The total duration of these Programmes is 6 to 8 semesters. These Programmes are accessible to graduates of the Master degree and leading to the PhD degree.These Programmes are offered by the university-type schools as well as some research institutions which belong to the departments of the Portugal Academy of Sciences, along with research and development institutions. The PhD degree is awarded to candidates who submit and successfully defend a doctoral dissertation before the thesis committee, and who pass the doctoral examination.
Doctorate Studies in Portugal
The doutor (doctor) degree is conferred by universities and university institutes. The degree of doutor is conferred to those that, after concluding all the curricular units that integrate the study programme of the doutoramento (doctorate) course, when applicable, and have successfully defended their thesis in the public act.
The country is located on the coast of south-western Europe. The eastern part of the country is bordered by Spain and the western side is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean. Visitors can experience and feel the true culture and heritage of the country at all the major Cities in Portugal. Portugal Republic is divided into three parts; the Mainland, Madeira Island and the Island of Azores comprising18 districts and 2 independent regions. Some of the cities in Portugal are as follows.
Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal. The city was built during the 18th century and since then it has been the major city of the country. The most populated and happening Portugal city is located on the south-western part of the country. Lisbon has always been the centre for culture, tourism and business.It is the westernmost large city located in continental Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus,and has a population of 547,631 within its administrative limits on a land area of 84.8 square kilometers (32.7 sq mi). The urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with an estimated population of 2.7 million, on an area of 958 square kilometers (370 sq mi), making it the 11th most populous urban area in the European Union. Lisbon is recognized as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism. It is one of the major economic centres on the continent, with a growing financial sector and one of the largest container ports on Europe Atlantic coast.
Porto is another major city of Portugal. The city has been recognized as the one of the cultural capitals of Europe. Porto, the second largest city of Portugal is also the capital of Douro region. World famous for its production of fine port wine, the busy city of Porto sprawls along the hills overlooking the Douro River in northern Portugal.At the heart of Porto is the charming pedestrian zone, the Ribeira, an atmospheric place on the river, buzzing in live music, cafes, restaurants and street vendors. Dominating this popular tourist setting is the Ponte Dom Luis,a metal,double-deck arch bridge that links Porto to Vila Nova de Gaia, well-known for its port wine cellars.
The city of Amadora is situated in the north-western side of Lisbon. The city has huge population and is the smallest municipality of the country. Amadora is a municipality and urbanized city in the northwest of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The municipal population is 175,872, with an area of 23.77 square kilometers (9.18 sq mi): it is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Portugal. Most of shanty towns still existent in Lisbon Metropolitan Area are located in this municipality. One of the largest urban communities in Portugal, Amadora forms a conurbation with the Lisbon, sharing the same subway, bus and train networks. It is essentially a suburban extension of the capital, dominated by large apartment blocks, commercial parks and industrial areas. Amadora public transport network is extremely far-reaching and reliable, being fully integrated with the transportation network of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. It has 2 metro stations, the commuter Sintra train line with 3 stations, 2 bus services and 4 motorways around the city.
Portuguese culture is based on a past that dates back to prehistoric times and has been heavily influenced by a rich variety of countries and customs over years.The eras of the Roman and Moorish invasions as well as the ancient societies before that have all left traces in a rich legacy archaeological remains that can be found throughout Portugal.The ancient cave paintings at Escoural,the Roman township of Conimbriga,The Temple of Diana in evora and the typical Moorish architecture of the Southern towns olhao and Tavira are just some examples of extraordinary culture gems that can be found in the country.
Each region of Portugal has its own style of dance and songs with the most traditional tunes played at a slower rhythm compared to those heard in spain.Some of the best example of the regional dances are the vira,chla,corridinho,Tirana, where couples perform a lively dance usually to a fast beat of hand-clapping, guitars and accordions.Many of these dances reflect the courting and matrimonial traditions of the area and are often passionate and exciting to watch.
The music of Portugal includes many different styles and genres,as a result of its history.These can be broadly divided into classical music,traditional/folk music and popular music and all of them have produced internationally successful acts, with the country seeing a recent expansion in musical styles,especially in popular music.In traditional/folk music, fado has had a significant impact, with Amalia Rodrigues still the most recognizable Portuguese name in music,and with more recent acts,like Dulce Pontes and Mariza. Regional folk music remains popular too,having been updated and modernized in many cases, especially in the northeastern region of Tras-os-Montes.Some more recent successful fado/folk-inspired acts include Madredeus and Deolinda, the later being part of a folk revival that has led to a newfound interest in this type of music.
Sculpture has found rich expression in Portugal over the centuries.From the 12th to the 14th century,sculptors carved ornate limestone tombs,including notable monuments such as the tombs of the kings at Alcobaca. Following the extraordinarily inventive Manueline period, during the Renaissance and baroque periods,sculptors in Portugal did their finest work for the church,producing finely carved reliefs, altarpieces, and pulpits.Painting in Portugal dates from prehistoric times;some of southwestern Europe finest Paleolithic cave paintings can be seen at Escoural.The foremost painter of Portugal golden age was Nuno Goncalves,whose powerful realism was widely influential. In the 20th century Portuguese-born abstract painter Maria Elena Vieira da Silva achieved international renown.
Architecture of Portugal refers to the architecture practiced in the territory of present-day Portugal since before the foundation of the country in the 12th century.The term may also refer to buildings created under Portuguese influence or by Portuguese architects in other parts of the world, particularly in the Portuguese Empire.Portuguese architecture,like all aspects of Portuguese culture,is marked by the history of the country and the several peoples that have settled and influenced the current Portuguese territory.These include Romans, Suebians among other related Germanic peoples,Visigoths and Arabs,as well as the influence from the main European artistic centres from which were introduced to the broad architectural styles:Romanesque, Gothic,Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassicism.Among the main local manifestations of Portuguese architecture are the Manueline, the exuberant Portuguese version of late Gothic;and the Pombaline style,a mix of late Baroque and Neoclassicism that developed after the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755.
The beginnings of Portuguese literature are to be found in medieval Galician poetry,originally developed in Galicia and northern Portugal.The Golden Age is located in the Renaissance, with the writings of Gil Vicente,Bernardim Ribeiro, Sa de Miranda and especially the great epic poet Luis de Camoes,author of national and epic poem The Lusiads.The seventeenth century was marked by the introduction of the Baroque in Portugal and is generally regarded as the century of literary decadence,despite the existence of writers like Father Antonio Vieira,Padre Manuel Bernardes and Francisco Rodrigues Lobo. The writers of the eighteenth century to counteract a certain decadence of the baroque stage, made an effort to recover the level of the Golden Age -The Neoclassicism,through the creation of academies and literary Arcadias.
Language is probably one of the biggest areas affecting expats moving to Portugal.Thousands of residents live outside the main centres, often causing them to feel isolated and without recourse to social opportunities.In many Portuguese towns, there are schools or organizations which offer free or low-cost Portuguese language classes,from beginners to more advanced speakers.The local tourism office, school or library will usually have details of these.Most courses are held in the evenings,last between one and three hours, and are taught by a variety of Portuguese teachers in a number of different styles.Learning the language is a key element to feeling more at home in Portugal,managing one way through the system and, of course,being able to share conversation with the locals.It is also a key element to help new arrivals integrate themselves more smoothly, and feel like less of an outsider.